OS EFEITOS DO TREINAMENTO DE FORÇA COM RESTRIÇÃO DO FLUXO SANGUÍNEO NA SAÚDE E DESEMPENHO HUMANO: UMA REVISÃO INTEGRATIVA

Autores

  • Alcides Pereira De Brito Universidade Brasil
  • Analice Barbosa Santos de Oliveira FAVENI

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33053/biomotriz.v16i1.574

Palavras-chave:

Treinamento de força, Restrição do fluxo sanguíneo, KAATSU

Resumo

O objetivo do presente estudo foi revisar na literatura o impacto do treinamento de força (TF) com restrição do fluxo sanguíneo (RFS) em relação a saúde e desempenho físico. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo com abordagem qualitativa, sendo uma revisão bibliográfica, na qual foram consideradas pesquisas publicadas nas bases de dados Scielo, Lilacs e Pubmed, com a seleção de 22 estudos para suportar o apanhado de evidências da pesquisa. Os critérios de inclusão foram, sequencialmente: seleção por título, importância do artigo, relevância dos resultados e metodologia adotada. Os parâmetros de exclusão foram: não preencher os critérios de elegibilidade, temas fora do objetivo e a pesquisa ser do tipo revisão bibliográfica. A análise dos estudos sobre TF com RFS na saúde e desempenho humano é um assunto que vem despertando um crescente interesse na comunidade científica, existindo fatores primordiais que podem ser desenvolvidos com o TF com RFS e utilizados dentro da reabilitação e desempenho com vertentes para adaptações neuromusculares como ativação e potência muscular e melhoras morfológicas. Dessa maneira, a partir da classificação, seleção e leitura de trabalhos científicos, evidenciou-se que o TF com RFS e mais uma alternativa capaz de proporcionar alterações significativas no desempenho e saúde humana.

Referências

AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SPORTS MEDICINE. ACSM’s. Progression models in resistance training for healthy adults. Medicine Science in Sports Exercise, 41: 687–708, 2009.

BARBOSA, J.B. et al. Does blood flow restriction training increase the diameter of forearm vessels in chronic kidney disease patients? A randomized clinical trial. The Journal of Vascular Access, Nov, v. 19, n. 6, p. 626-633, 2018.

BRITO, A. P. D; HOLANDA, F. J. D. Efeitos Do Treinamento De Força No Desempenho De Praticantes De Natação: Uma Revisão Bibliográfica Descritiva: Biomotriz, Cruz Alta/RS, v. 15, n. 1, p. 112-122, jul./2021.

CONCEIÇÃO, M.S. et al. Augmented Anabolic Responses after 8-wk Cycling with Blood Flow Restriction. Medicine Science in Sports Exercise, jan, v. 51, n. 1, p.84-93, 2019.

CORMIE, Prue; MCGUIGAN, Michael R.; NEWTON, A. R. U. Developing Maximal Neuromuscular Power: Part 1 – Biological Basis of Maximal Power Production. Sports Medicine, New Zeland, v. 41, n. 1, p. 17-38, mai./2011.

DORNELES, G.P. et al. Acute response of peripheral CCr5 chemoreceptor and NK cells in individuals submitted to a single session of low-intensity strength exercise with blood flow restriction. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, jul, v. 36, n. 4, p. 311-7, 2016.

FATELA, P. et al. Acute Neuromuscular Adaptations in Response to Low-Intensity Blood-Flow Restricted Exercise and High-Intensity Resistance Exercise: Are There Any Differences. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, abril, v. 32, n. 4, p. 902-910, 2018.

GIL, A. L. S. et al. Effect of strength training with blood flow restriction on muscle power and submaximal strength in eumenorrheic women. Scandinavian Society of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Brasil, v. 37, n. 2, p. 221-228, jun./2015.

GROENNEBAEK, T. et al. Effect of Blood Flow Restricted Resistance Exercise and Remote Ischemic Conditioning on Functional Capacity and Myocellular Adaptations in Patients With Heart Failure. Circulation: Heart Failure, Denmark, v. 1, n. 1, p. 1-12, dez./2019.

HILL, E.C. Eccentric, but not concentric blood flow restriction resistance training increases muscle strength in the untrained limb. Physical Therapy in Sport, maio, v. 43, p.1-7, 2020.

KIM, J. et al. Effects of blood flow restricted exercise training on muscular strength and blood flow in older adults. Experimental Gerontology, USA, v. 99, n. 1, p. 127-132, set./2017.

KORAKAKIS, Vasileios; WHITELEY, Rodney; GIAKAS, Giannis. Low load resistance training with blood flow restriction decreases anterior knee pain more than resistance training alone. A pilot randomised controlled trial. Physical Therapy in Sport, Greece, v. 34, n. 1, p. 121-128, set./2018.

LOPES, K. G. et al. Strength training with blood flow restriction – a novel therapeutic approach for older adults with sarcopenia? A case report. Clinical Interventions in Aging, Brazil, v. 1, n. 1, p. 1461-1469, ago./2019.

JAMES, L. P. et al. The impact of strength level on adaptations to combined weightlifting, plyometric, and ballistic training. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, v. 28, n. 5, p. 1494–1505, 2018.

LAUERSEN, J. B.; BERTELSEN, D. M.; ANDERSEN, L. B. The effectiveness of exercise interventions to prevent sports injuries: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. British Journal of Sports Medicine, v. 48, n. 11, p. 871–877, 2014.

LAURENTINO, G. C. et al. Strength training with blood flow restriction diminishes myostatin gene expression. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, v. 44, n. 3, p. 406–412, 2012.

LAURENTINO, G.C. et al. The Effect of Cuff Width on Muscle Adaptations after Blood Flow Restriction Training. Medicine Science in Sports Exercise, maio, v. 48, n. 5, p. 920-5, 2018.

LIXANDRÃO, M.E, Magnitude of Muscle Strength and Mass Adaptations Between High-Load Resistance Training Versus Low-Load Resistance Training Associated with Blood-Flow Restriction: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Medicine, fev, v. 48, n. 2, p. 361-378, 2018.

MAESTRONI, L. et al. The Benefits of Strength Training on Musculoskeletal System Health: Practical Applications for Interdisciplinary Care. Sports Medicine, Italy, v. 50, n. 1, p. 1431-1450, jun./2020.

MATTOCKS, K.T. et al. Perceptual changes to progressive resistance training with and without blood flow restriction. Journal of Sports Sciences, Ago, v. 37, n. 16, p. 1857-1864, 2019.

NETO G.R et al. Hypotensive effects of resistance exercises with blood flow restriction. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, abril, v. 29, n. 4, p. 1064-70, 2015.

PATON, Carl D.; ADDIS, Shalako M.; TAYLOR, Lee-anne. The effects of muscle blood flow restriction during running training on measures of aerobic capacity and run time to exhaustion. European Journal of Applied Physiology, Germany, v. 14, n. 117, p. 2579-2585, mar./2017.

PINTO, R. R. et al. Acute resistance exercise with blood flow restriction in elderly hypertensive women: haemodynamic, rating of perceived exertion and blood lactate. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, USA, v. 1, n. 1, p. 1-8, mai./2016.

ROLFF S., KORALLUS C., HANKE A.A. Rehabilitation mithilfe des blood flow restriction training [Rehabilitation with the aid of blood flow restriction training]. Unfallchirurg, mar, v. 123, n. 3, p. 180-186, 2020.

SHIMIZU, R. et al. Low?intensity resistance training with blood flow restriction improves vascular endothelial function and peripheral blood circulation in healthy elderly people. European Journal of Applied Physiology, Berlin, v. 1, n. 116, p. 749-757, jan./2016.

SUCHOMEL, T. J.; NIMPHIUS, S.; STONE, M. H. The Importance of Muscular Strength in Athletic Performance. Sports Medicine, v. 46, n. 10, p. 1419–1449, 2016.

TAKANO, H. et al. Hemodynamic and hormonal responses to a short-term low-intensity resistance exercise with the reduction of muscle blood flow. European Journal of Applied Physiology, v. 95, n. 1, p. 65–73, 2005.

VECHIN, F. C. et al. Comparisons Between Low-Intensity Resistance Training With Blood Flow Restriction And High-Intensity Resistance Training On Quadriceps Muscle Mass And Strength In Elderly. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Brasil, v. 29, n. 4, p. 1071-1076, abr./2015.

VOGEL, J. et al. Eects on the Profile of Circulating miRNAs after Single Bouts of Resistance Training with and without Blood Flow Restriction—A Three-Arm, Randomized Crossover Trial. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Germany, v. 20, n. 3249, p. 1-17, set./2019.

YASUDA, T. et al. Thigh muscle size and vascular function after blood flowrestricted elastic band training in older women. Oncotarget, Japan, v. 7, n. 23, p. 33595-33607, mai./2016.

Downloads

Publicado

2022-03-07

Como Citar

Pereira De Brito, A., & Barbosa Santos de Oliveira, A. (2022). OS EFEITOS DO TREINAMENTO DE FORÇA COM RESTRIÇÃO DO FLUXO SANGUÍNEO NA SAÚDE E DESEMPENHO HUMANO: UMA REVISÃO INTEGRATIVA. BIOMOTRIZ, 16(1), 45-56. https://doi.org/10.33053/biomotriz.v16i1.574

Edição

Seção

Artigos